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Saturday, July 2, 2011

Single Stream Recycling Speeds Disposal Flow

Single Stream Recycling Speeds Disposal Flow:
New system now in effect 
in Fairfield
By Mike Lauterborn
(posted to 7/2)
© 2011. All Rights Reserved.

Fairfield, CT – Some new rules have gone into play that should make Fairfielders’ lives a bit easier when it comes to putting out the trash. As of July 1, Single Stream Recycling is in effect in the Town of Fairfield, giving residents the ability to combine and recycle more materials. Disposal rules vary slightly between those that use a private collection service and those that use the town’s recycling center.

Users of the Transfer Station and Recycling Center on One Rod Highway can now put all plastic containers numbered 1 to 7; metal, glass and food containers under three gallons (rinsed and caps removed); clean aluminum foil; empty aerosol containers; and all milk, juice and juice box cartons in steel receptacles labeled as such (previously marked Bottles/Cans). Junk mail, magazines, colored white or mixed paper, boxboard, paper egg cartons, pasta boxes, food wrap boxes, shoe boxes, tissue boxes and paper bags can now go in receptacles listing those items, once labeled Mixed Paper.

Newspaper recycling and corrugated cardboard disposal continues as before. Electronics may now be placed in one of two new large steel receptacles placed on the site. Items that may not be included as recyclables and must be disposed of as trash include plastic bags, books, medicine bottles, food waste, dishes, used paper plates, plastic toys, sporting goods, Styrofoam, black plastic, pizza boxes and CD cases. Batteries, hazardous chemical containers and motor oil containers all require special handling.

For residents that use private collection, more items can be combined together in their blue bins. This includes all the acceptable bottle/can-type items and paper/cardboard items referred to above. Other items noted above as non-recyclable and those that require special handling cannot be included in the bin and must be handled in a separate, appropriate manner.

Mike Zombruski, Director of Solid Waste Recycling in Fairfield, the department that operates the transfer station and recycling center, said single stream recycling has been around for a while, but in other states and regions. “I remember seeing prototypes 10 years ago,” he said. “It became profitable as the recycling market grew. Processing companies started building facilities.”

Zombruski said that recyclables will be taken first to Stratford, then a contractor there will take them to Hartford.

“We’ve been working on this for over a year,” he said. “We had to bid out the work to secure a contractor.”

Giving some industry background, Zombruski said, “Years ago, in the mid 1970s, the state realized they were facing a solid waste crisis. Landfills were at capacity. They needed some other place to take the trash. The state created CRRA – Connecticut Resource Recovery Authority – to manage the situation. Towns contracted with CRRA to haul the trash, then CRRA contracted, in the early 80s, with Wheelabrator Technologies, a trash-to-energy plant in Bridgeport.”

He continued, “Fairfield’s landfill closed in 1987. Trash was then shipped to an incinerator in Bridgeport and converted to energy. The 18 towns that contracted with CRRA basically funded the operation. Then, in 1990, the IPC (Intermediate Processing Center) was built in Stratford, where the Garbage Museum is, which is where our recyclables now go. They’ve been processed there for the last 20 years, when recycling became mandatory.”

Now the market has opened up and there’s a need for more paper, so recycling plants are accepting more materials. “Essentially, business demands are driving more efficient recycling processes,” Zombruski said.

For guidance to both private collection and transfer station rules, visit

Christo’s Genius Draws a Full House at Westport Arts Center

Christo’s Genius Draws a Full House 
at Westport Arts Center
By Mike Lauterborn
(for Westport News)

Westport, CT – Christo once said, “All our projects are absolutely irrational with no justification to exist. Nobody needs a Running Fence or Surrounded Islands. They are created because Jeanne-Claude and I have this unstoppable urge to create.”

Though his wife Jeanne-Claude, his collaborator since the 1950s, has since passed, environmental artist Christo, 78, presses on and was on hand Thursday night at the Westport Arts Center as his latest works in progress were unveiled. Collages, drawings, films and informational panels arranged around the perimeter of the narrow gallery showed the vision behind “Over the River, Project for the Arkansas River, State of Colorado” and “The Mastaba, Project for the United Arab Emirates.” The opening reception drew a packed house, including local dignitaries, artists and Center staff, with many more enthusiasts standing by on a waiting list. All enjoyed wine, champagne and food, and had the opportunity to purchase one of several books about Christo, signed by the artist.

“Over the River” will consist of fabric panels suspended horizontally clear and high above water level following the configuration and width and the changing course of the Arkansas River, and will be shown over two weeks in August 2014.

“Mastaba” will be a work of approximately 410,000 horizontally stacked oil barrels secured to an inner structure. The grandeur and vastness of the land will be reflected in the piece, which will have two 738-foot vertical walls, two slanted walls and a truncated top.

Helen Klisser, W.A.C.’s Director of Visual Arts, conceived and organized the show; Christo curated it. “I’ve been thinking about this for a long time,” Klisser said. “None of these things are instantaneous. The river theme of the one project and the Center’s proximity to the Saugatuck River was a prompt. Another connection was late Westport author Burt Chernow, who wrote a biography about the couple. When I was a director with Silvermine Guild Arts Center, I did a book signing with Chernow, so had already established a tie.”

Sadly, Jeanne-Claude died two years ago from an aneurism. “I waited a respectful amount of time and approached Christo and his studio about six months ago,” Klisser said. “Planning began immediately. He did a blueprint of how things would be set out in the gallery.”

Chernow’s widow, Ann, a Westport resident, was present for the opening and shared a few memories. “We met the Christos in 1970 when Burt went to ask them for a piece for the Westport schools’ permanent art collection. This was around the Running Fence time. He gave Burt a piece. Burt came home and said, ‘He’s a genius. This is going to change our lives.’”

The Chernows began working with the Christos on their projects, serving as greeters. “We were part of their army,” Ann said. “Burt traveled with them often and came up with the idea to write a bio.”

In 1986, the Chernows went to Bulgaria to learn more about Christo’s roots. They were there a month and followed everywhere by the KGB. “From 1986 to June 9, 1997, Burt spent four to six hours every day at the computer writing the bio, titled ‘XTO & JC’,” she said. “It was released in 1999, in Germany. If Burt had still been alive, he would have continued documenting their projects.”

Westport artist Miggs Burroughs was particularly intrigued by the works. “Conceptually, Christo is grand and challenging and wildly unrealistic, but makes these great things happen,” he said. “He’s inspiring because he dreams the impossible and does it.”

Another local artist, Alyse Rosner, was amazed by Christo’s preparation. “He must have an amazing grasp of spatial relationships,” she said. “There are so many technical details involved.”

New Canaan resident John Tremaine, an exhibit sponsor, said he had the privilege of unfurling one of the curtains of “The Gates”, a Christo installation in New York’s Central Park. “The curtain was held in place with a Velcro wrap,” he said. “It started to flutter and take life. It was not a simple project. It was art and high-tech engineering.”

Westport First Selectman Gordon Joseloff was one of several dignitaries attending and had also experienced The Gates project first-hand. “Christo has been to Westport before – it’s a thrill to have him return,” he said. “This is another indication of how well regarded Westport is in the art world.”

Dale Najarian, a W.A.C. board member, said The Gates made her a Christo fan, but she hadn’t seen any of his sketches. “You get a very intimate idea of what a project is going to be like when it’s complete,” she said. “His sense of perspective is unbelievable. His work is larger than life.”